Acadian Historical Timelinesin the Canadian Maritimes:
1604French settlers under Pierre du Gua de Monts and Samuel de Champlain settle an island in St. Croix River.
1605Settlement moves to Port Royal.
1606L'Order de Bon Temps founded by Samuel de Champlain. Arrival of Marc Lescarbot, renowned for his diaries describing
life in Acadia.
1607De Monts monopoly canceled.
1610Poutrincourt comes to Acadia.
1613English from Jamestown, Virginia attack, beginning the struggle between French and English for control of Acadia.
1621English change name to Nova Scotia.
1632French settlers under Isaac de Razilly settle at La Héve.
1635French focus for settlement switches from La Héve back to Port Royal.
16401st dykes built. Charles La Tour and Menou d'Aulnay fight for control of Acadia.
1654British, led by Robert Sedgewick from Boston, capture Port Royal, La Have and a fort at the mouth of the Saint John River.
1667Treaty of Breda under which England gave Acadia back to France, although it was not until 1670 that the actual exchange of
control took place.
16711st official census registers Acadian population of more than than 400.
1672Village Beaubassin founded by Jacques Bourgeois near present-day Amherst, Nova Scotia.
1680Grand-Pré founded by Pierre Melanson.
1690English begin repeated attacks on Port Royal.
1709Birth of Charles Lawrence, the career soldier who ordered the expulsion of the Acadians in 1755. He was appointed Lieutenant-
Governor of Nova Scotia in 1754.
1710Final surrender of Acadia to the English Acadian population rises from 2500 to 8000 over next 39 years.
1713Treaty of Utrecht; Birth of Edward Cornwallis, Governor of Nova Scotia from
1749-1752. Cornwallis founded Halifax in an effort to strengthen the British position.
1724Mi'kmaq attack English at Fort Anne, but the English suspect Acadian involvement.
1729Acadians sign conditional Oath of Allegiance under Governor Richard Phillips, who fails to inform Britain of this oath which does
not require Acadians to bear arms for the English.
1745Capture of Louisbourg by the English.
1748Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle.
1749Halifax established as British capital of Nova Scotia.
1755Siege of Fort Beauséjour in June. In July Acadian representatives refuse to sign Oath of Allegiance. Deportation begins in August,
first at Fort Cumberland (formerly Beauséjour), then Grand-Pré and later Annapolis Royal.
1764Acadians permitted to return to Nova Scotia.
1766Acadians return to Pubnico.
1768Acadians re-settle at Clare.
1782Acadians re-settle at Cheticamp.
1789Nova Scotia Acadians regain the right to vote.
1810New Brunswick Acadians win the right to vote.
1829Roman Catholics given political rights in the Maritimes, allowing them to vote and run for political office.
1830Prince Edward Island Acadians win right to vote.
18361st Acadian elected to Nova Scotia Legislative Assembly.
1847Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem, "Evangeline" published.
18591st French-language study of Acadians undertaken by Edme Rameau of France.
1864College Saint Joseph established in Memramcook, New Brunswick.
1867Le Moniteur Acadien, French-language newspaper in the Maritimes, established.
1881First National Acadian Convention held in Memramcook, New Brunswick. Our Lady of Assumption chosen as Patron
Saint of Acadians.
1884National Acadian Convention held in Miscouche, Prince Edward Island at which national flag and anthem are chosen.
1885 Pascal Poirer, Acadian lawyer appointed senator for New Brunswick.
1890College Sainte-Anne established in Church Point, Nova Scotia.
1905St. Mary's Church built.
1917First Acadian Premier of Canadian province with Aubin-Edmond Arsenault elected Premier of Prince Edward Island;
Fort Anne becomes a National Historic Site.
1928Fortress Louisbourg becomes a National Historic Site.
1939Port Royal Habitation is reconstructed as a National Historic Site
1945Joseph-Alphonse Bernard of Prince Edward Island becomes the first Acadian Lieutenant-Governor.
1961Grand-Pré becomes a National Historic Site.
1963 Université de Moncton established.
1968Centre d'etudes acadiennes established at Université de Moncton.
1971La Sangouine, world-renowned novel by Antoine Maillet, published.
1973Centre acadien established at College Sainte-Anne.
1977College Sainte-Anne becomes Université Saint-Anne.
1979Pelagie-La-Charrette wins French literary award for the story of a woman's ten-year trek back to Acadia after the expulsion.
1994Congrès Mondial Acadien held in Moncton, New Brunswick.
1999Congrès Mondial Acadien held in Acadie du Sud, Louisiana.
2004Congrès Mondial Acadien held in Nova Scotia.
2009Congrès Mondial Acadien held in Caraquet, New Brunswick.
Sources for the above-noted timeline include:
a) Acadia. The Canadian Encyclopedia Plus, CD-ROM. McClelland & Stewart, 1996.
b) Griffiths, Naomi. The Acadians: Creation of a People. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 1973.
c) Moody, Barry M. The Acadians. Toronto, Ontario: Grolier Ltd., 1981.
d) Quinpool, John. First Things in Acadia. Halifax: First Things Publishers, 1936.
e) Ross, Sally & Alphonse Deveau. The Acadians: Past and Present. Halifax: Nimbus Publishing, 1992.
Cajun Historical Timelines in Louisiana:
1604La Cadie, later called Acadie, is founded by the French in Nova Scotia.
1682Robert Cavalier de La Salle claims Louisiana for France.
1699First permanent French settlement in Louisiana established in Biloxi.
1713Acadie is ceded to Britain under the terms of the Treaty of Utrecht.
1714City of Natchitoches is founded.
1718City of New Orleans is founded.
1719First shiploads of African slaves arrive in New Orleans.
1755Le Grand Dérangement begins and thousands of Acadians are deported.
1756Poste des Attakapas is founded in south central Louisiana.
1762France cedes Louisiana to Spain.
1764First documented arrival of Acadians in Louisiana.
1765Acadians settle at Poste des Attakapas.
1776United States of America declares independence from Britain.
1785Final Acadian migrations: Seven shiploads of almost 1,600 arrive in New Orleans from France.
1789French Revolution brings waves of French immigrants to Louisiana.
1791Slave revolt in Haiti brings more than 10,000 Creoles of French, African, and mixed descent to Louisiana.
1800Spain cedes Louisiana to France.
1803Napoleon Bonaparte sells Louisiana to U.S. for $15-million.
1809Arrival of 5700 Francophone refugees fleeing revolution in Haiti.
1812Louisiana acquires U.S. statehood.
1836Vermillonville, later named Lafayette, is incorporated.
1847Longfellow publishes Evangeline through which the world first hears about the Acadian diaspora.
1861Civil War begins.
1882Railroad crosses Louisiana prairie, bringing more settlers and increasing the area's contact with the outside world.
1901Oil is discovered in Louisiana near Jennings.
1905Thousands die in Yellow Fever epidemic.
1906Plaquemine Lock completed, allowing continuous navigation between Mississippi River and Atchafalaya Basin.
1914World War I begins.
1916Suppression of the French language in schools by the State Board of Education; "Les enfants sont punis quand ils parlent français".
1921New Louisiana Constitution adopted, officially instituting the end of any public education in French, stating that "The general
exercises in the public schools shall be conducted in the English language".
1927President Coolidge visits a Louisiana ravaged by flooding.
1928Louisiana Governor Huey P.Long begins extensive road-paving project. Joe Falcon and Cléoma Breaux make first recording
of a Cajun song, Allons à Lafayette.
1929Stock market crash, beginning of Depression.
1941World War II begins, many young Cajun men serve as interpreters in Europe.
1947First offshore oil well in the Gulf of Mexico.
1968Conseil pour le Développement du Français en Louisiane is created.
1971Edwin Edwards takes his Oath of office in French and English, becoming Louisiana's only French-speaking governor of the
1974Flag of Acadiana officially adopted by the Louisiana State LegislatureFirst Hommage à la musique acadienne, later to become
part of Festivals Acadiens.
1976Publication of Lâche pas la patate by Revon Reed, first book in Cajun French.
1980'sCajun music and food gain international recognition; c'est cool d'être Cadien.
19811st French immersion program in Louisiana started at La Belle Aire school is East Baton Rouge Parish.
1983Calcasieu Parish begins an immersion program.
1989Assumption and St. Martin Parishes introduce immersion programs.
1990Census reports 668,271 Acadians/Cajuns residing in the U.S.; 61 percent are Louisiana residents.
1991Louisiana State Legislature designates St. Martinville as the home of "The World Memorial to All Acadian Refugees Who
EndedTheir Exile in Louisiana".
1992Lafayette Parish begins an immersion program.
1994Acadia Parish opens an immersion program; the University of Southwestern Louisiana begins the first Doctoral program in
Francophone Studies in North America.
1995Consortium of Immersion Schools created.
1996Orleans Parish begins an immersion program; immersion programs in Lafayette and Assumption parishes are greatly expanded.
1998East Baton Rouge Parish reintroduces immersion.
1999Entire state participates in FrancoFête, a year-long celebration of the tricentennial of the founding of the first French settlement in
Louisiana; the second Congrès Mondial Acadien held in Louisiana in August, reuniting from all over the world the descendants
of those deported from Acadia in 1755.
Source: The above-noted was reproduced from "Le Petit Guide", published by the Counseil pour le Développement du Français
n Louisiane, 1999.